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  • Ginseng

Korejski Ginseng

Koristi ginsenga

Azijski ginseng (ženšen) je eno izmed najbolj cenjenih zeliščnih zdravil na Orientu, kjer si je pridobil skoraj čaroben ugled, da lahko spodbuja zdravje, splošno telesno moč, podaljša življenje in pomaga pri številnih težavah, vključno z depresijo, diabetesom, utrujenostjo, staranjem , vnetjih, notranji degeneraciji, slabosti, tumorjih, pljučnih težavah, bruhanju, živčnosti, stresu in želodčne razjede.

Poreklo

Azijski ginseng (ženšen) ima zgodovino uporabe zelišč že več kot 5000 let. Je eno najbolj cenjenih zeliščnih zdravil na Orientu, kjer si je pridobil skoraj čaroben ugled, da lahko promovira zdravje, splošno telesno moč in tudi podaljša življenje. Ime rodu Panax izhaja iz grške besede, ki pomeni "panacea" ali "vse zdravilno"; vrsta ginsenga naj bi pomenila "čudenje sveta". Oba izraza se nanašata na zdravilne vrline rastline. V zadnjem desetletju je pridobil priljubljenost na Zahodu in obstaja obširna literatura o koristnih učinkih ginsenga in njegovih sestavin.

Koristi za zdravje

Nedavna poročila o farmakologiji ginsenga kažejo na širok razpon učinkov, vključno z vplivom na centralni živčni sistem, endokrini in adrenokortikalni sistem, notranje, organe, metabolizem, krvni tlak in sladkor, gonadotropno delovanje, celično staranje, tumorje in stres. Zdi se, da ginseng lajša stres, poveča spolno aktivnost in olajša parjenje pri laboratorijskih živalih. Poročali so, da je zelišče učinkovito pri podaljšanju preživetja med srčnim zastojem. Poroča se, da kaže hipoglikemično aktivnost. Za azijski ginseng je bilo ugotovljeno tudi, da ščiti testis pred 2,3,7,8-tetrakloro-di-benzo-di-p-DIOXIN, ki povzroča poškodbe testisov. Ta posebni dioksin je najnevarnejši od morda najbolj strupenih kemičnih skupin, ki jih znanost pozna. Za dioksine je znano, da povzročajo raka pri ljudeh.

Nekateri ženin so našteli kot uporaben pri zdravljenju slabokrvnosti, raka, depresije, sladkorne bolezni, utrujenosti, hipertenzije, nespečnosti, šoka, učinkov sevanja, učinkov uporabe morfija in kokaina, okoljskih, fizičnih in duševnih obremenitev ter kroničnih bolezni. Govorili so, da deluje kot poživilo, spodbuja vzdržljivost, poveča življenjsko dobo, sprosti živčni sistem, izboljša duševno zavedanje, spodbuja pravilno hormonsko delovanje, izboljša raven lipidov, zniža holesterol, izboljša živčno rast in poveča odpornost na bolezni. Uporabljali so ga za povečanje apetita in telesne energije, uravnavanje menstruacije, olajšanje poroda, povečanje plodnosti žensk in zdravljenje parodontalne bolezni.

Ginsenozidi so raznolika skupina steroidnih saponinov, ki dokazujejo sposobnost ciljanja na nešteto tkiv in ustvarjajo vrsto farmakoloških odzivov. Vendar mnogi mehanizmi delovanja ginenozida še vedno niso znani. Ker ginsenozidi in druge sestavine ginsenga povzročajo drugačne učinke in en sam ginsenosid sproži več dejanj v istem tkivu, je celotna farmakologija ginsenga še vedno izjemno zapletena in ezoterična.

Pomaga pri zaščiti pred virusnimi okužbam

Raziskave so pokazale, da ima lahko Ginseng sposobnost, da deluje kot "adaptogen", s podaljšanjem življenja z bojem proti virusnim okužbam in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Raziskave še naprej podpirajo zaščitno vlogo ginsenga pred zdravljenjem in zdravili proti raku, morda celo proti stranskim učinkom kemoterapije. Obstajajo mnenja, da je ginseng lahko koristen za preprečevanje zlorabe in odvisnosti od opioidov in psihostimulantov.

Zmanjšuje stres

Ginseng se uporablja za spodbujanje in sprostitev živčnega sistema. Poveča kapilarno cirkulacijo v možganih in zmanjša posledice stresa. Čeprav na svetu obstaja veliko vrst ginsengov, vendar azijskim ginsengom ne morejo konkurirati sestavine in zdravilni učinki. Vsebuje kar 29 različnih ginenozidov, drugi pa 8-9.

Zavira staranje telesa

Azijski ginseng vsebuje snovi proti staranju, kot so antioksidanti in inzulinu podobne snovi, ki jih ne najdemo v nobeni drugi vrsti ginsenga.

Znižuje krvni sladkor in holesterol

V zahodni zeliščni medicini so preučevali regulacijske učinke Panax ginsenga na imunski sistem, da bi lahko učinkovito preprečevali prehlad, gripo in nekatere oblike raka. V kliničnih študijah je pokazalo, da Panax ginseng znižuje raven sladkorja in holesterola v krvi, zato lahko pomaga pri zdravljenju sladkorne bolezni tipa 2 in visokega holesterola. Njene druge potencialne uporabe pa niso tako natančno opredeljene. V ločenih raziskavah laboratorijskih živali in ljudi je imel Panax ginseng sproščujoč učinek na mišice v pljučih. Posledično razširitev dihalnih poti lahko pomaga ublažiti simptome astme in drugih pljučnih stanj, ki so posledica zoženih dihalnih poti.

Poveča spomin in vzpodbuja miselne procese

V drugih raziskavah naj bi kombinacija Panax ginsenga in gingka izboljšala spomin in miselne procese. Zgodnji rezultati laboratorijskih raziskav lahko kažejo, da kemikalije v ginsengu Panax spodbujajo rast krvnih žil, kar bi lahko koristilo pri zdravljenju obsežnih poškodb.

Monografija nemške komisije E in WHO podpirata uporabo ginsenga kot profilaktičnega in obnovitvenega sredstva za povečanje duševnih in telesnih zmogljivosti v primerih šibkosti, izčrpanosti, utrujenosti in izgube koncentracije ter med rekonvalescenco (WHO, 1999). Na splošno se ginseng uporablja kot tonik, stimulans, afrodizijak, imunski ojačevalnik, modulator krvnega tlaka (znižuje in dvigne, odvisno od potreb) in modulator ravni krvnega sladkorja (znižuje ali dvigne, odvisno od potreb).

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